THE DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE IS THE HEAD OF THE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, who is assisted by two Joint Directors,
four Deputy Directors, at headquarters, each in charge of (1)
research and education, (2) intensive cultivation, (3) agricultural
extension, and (4) agricultural engineering and soil conservation.
One Deputy Director of Agriculture for crop research, with his
headquarters at Poona for the whole State, working under the
Director of Agriculture, concerns himself with the technical side of
crop research in the State. The Divisional Deputy Directors are in
charge of extension work in their respective divisions and the
District Agricultural Officers of the respective districts are in
turn responsible for all extension work in their districts.
The work carried out by the Department of
Agriculture in the Kolhapur district may be grouped under the
(a) Agricultural Extension and
(b) Agricultural Engineering including
Mechanical Cultivation and Soil Conservation.
(c) Animal and Poultry Husbandry.
(d) Agricultural Research and Education.
Agricultural Extension and Demonstration.
Agricultural Extension and
Demonstrations.-The officer in-charge of extension work in
the district is the District Agricultural Officer, who is
responsible to the Divisional Deputy Directors. The District
Agricultural Officer is assisted, by one Assistant District
Agricultural Officer at his headquarters and two Agricultural
Officers-one for the North Division and the other for the South
Division of the district. Six of the nine talukas and two of the
three mahals of the district are divided into 29 circles, each
taluka or mahal having three or four circles and there is one
Agricultural Assistant in-charge of each circle. In the remaining
three talukas and one mahal, independent National Extension Service
Blocks having been formed, the department's Agricultural Assistants
have been with drawn and work at village level is being looked after
by Gramsevaks who are trained in agriculture, and by Agricultural
Officers attached to each Block at the Block Level.
The District Agricultural Officer is responsible for
all extension work in the district. The following are the important
extension activities of the district: -
(1) Execution of all " Grow More Food " schemes.
(2) Establishment of agricultural demonstration
centres on cultivators fields and holding field demonstrations in
respect of various improvements.
(3) Extension of intensive cultivation of paddy by
the Japanese method and organisation of demonstration plots.
(4) Organisation of demonstration plots showing
various; cultural, manurial and other improvements.
(5) Organisation of agricultural and cattle shows in
(6) Organisation of crop protection services.
(7) To help and guide all National Extension Service
Blocks in planning of agricultural extension programme in their
(8) Organisation of crop competitions of various
crops to encourage the cultivators to maximise their production per
(9) Supervision of crop-cutting experiments.
(10) Extension of sugarcane development scheme.
(11) Organisation of special weeks such as Vana
Mahotsava Saptah, Gram Sudhar Saptah, Fertilizers Week, and Crop
(12) Extension of horticultural, vegetable and
Each circle of a taluka or mahal has a depot wherein
improved seeds, insecticides and fungicides are stocked for sale to
needy cultivators. Dust guns, spray pumps and improved implements
are also stocked for the use of cultivators on nominal hire charges.
Agricultural extension work is carried on in each circle by the
Agricultural, Assistant, who is supervised by the Agricultural
Officer of the division concerned.
The distribution of fertilizers is done through
co-operative bodies and individual 'traders.
Mechanical Cultivation.-There is one
Bulldozing Unit, with four bulldozers, in charge of a Foreman
Supervisor who works under the control of the Mechanical Cultivation
Engineer to Government. The bulldozing programme, however, is
chalked out by the District Agricultural Officer, and the work is
undertaken according to that programme. Bulldozers are sent wherever
there is concentration of work in a compact block, the minimum
required being at least 70 hours of work for each bulldozer in the
first instance. All charges for bulldozing are required to be
credited in advance to the District Agricultural Officer, and on
receipt of advances necessary job orders are issued to the Foreman
Supervisor for executing the work. The charges for bulldozing work
are as under:-
Rs. 25 per
Rs. 40 per
Soil Conservation.-The Sub-Divisional
Soil Conservation Officer, Miraj, is in-charge of soil conservation
work in Kolhapur district. Soil conservation work has been started
in a few villages of the eastern portion of the district. Bulldozers
are also utilised for soil conservation work wherever necessary.
The soil conservation works are executed by the soil
conservation staff after obtaining the written consent of 67 per
cent. of the land owners of the villages for which soil conservation
schemes are approved by the Land Improvement Board of the district.
The total cost of the work is met by Government in the first
instance, and 50 per cent. of the cost of the work or Rs. 10 per
acre, whichever is less, is considered as subsidy from Government
and the remaining amount is recovered from the land owners concerned
in 15 equal annual instalments (free of interest) commencing one
year after the date of completion.
Boring Machines.-The two boring
machines belonging to the Agricultural Department are handed over to
the District Local Board for execution of boring work in the
water-finding machine has been allotted to this district. The
charges for the water-finding machine are Rs. 10 for agricultural
purposes and Rs. 20 for non-agricultural purposes.
Animal Husbandry.-Live-stock (Cattle)
improvement work is undertaken in the district by the District
Agricultural Officer under the guidance of the Live-stock Expert to
Government. Premium bulls and premium cows are located in the
villages for improvement of cattle by the grading system. For this
purpose intensive cattle improvement zones are selected and
improvement work is undertaken in these areas. Pure breed animals
are tattooed and registered in the herd-stock.
The Khillar breed of cattle is very popular
in this district, especially in the eastern and central parts. In
the western part, which is rather hilly and has heavy rainfall, the
Dangi breed is recommended.
Artificial insemination work has been undertaken by
the Animal Husbandry Department at Kolhapur very recently and it is
development work is undertaken in the district under the guidance of
the Poultry Development Officer, Poona. Improved birds and hatching
eggs are supplied to deserving poultry keepers at concessional
rates. There is also a poultry farm at Kolhapur and it is to be
developed into a technical institution for training students in
poultry husbandry. The farm is now only engaged in maintaining
different birds and supply of pure birds and hatching eggs to
cultivators. [All sheep, poultry and animal husbandry works have
been transferred to the Director of Animal Husbandry, Bombay State,
Poona 1, on 1st July, 1957 as per Government, Resolution,
Agriculture and Forests Department, No.' LVS-1056-D, dated the 28th
June 1957. Transfer of extension work in animal husbandry and
poultry etc. at the district level is, however, not done and is
still looked after by the District Agricultural Officer.]
Research and Education.
Education.-Agricultural research is done in this district
mainly on paddy and sugarcane crops, which are the main crops of the
The Agricultural Research Station (Sugarcane) in the
district is in charge of an Agricultural Officer who is working
under the Sugarcane Specialist, Padegaon, and is located at
Rajputwadi-four miles from Kolhapur on the Kolhapur-Ratnagiri Road.
This is a sub-station under the Sugarcane Specialist, Padegaon,
started in the year, 1950, to carry out research on manurial and
cultural practices of sugarcane and to help in increasing the yield.
The area of the farm is 21 acres and is taken on lease from the
Kolhapur Sugar Mills. The present area of the farm is very small and
it is, therefore, difficult to carry out experiments on a large
One permanent Sugarcane Research Station with
laboratory facilities has been sanctioned for Kolhapur in the Second
Five-Year Plan and it is to be placed in charge of a Class II
Officer. The work of acquiring land on the Kolhapur-Poona road for
this Research Station has been taken up with the Revenue department.
At present Co. 419 is popularly grown in the
district on more than 95 per cent, of the area. New promising
strains evolved are Co. 740 and Co. 775. Co. 775 is good both in
regard to yields and sugar recovery and is getting popular with
The sugarcane development work has been going on in
the district since 1954 and an area of 15,000 acres covering areas
of Kolhapur and South Satara districts has been selected for
carrying out sugarcane development work. The scheme is in charge of
an Agricultural Officer with his headquarters at Kolhapur, working
under the Sugarcane Specialist, and the Agricultural Officer is
assisted by four Agricultural Assistants of which three are located
in the Kolhapur district and one in the South Satara district. The
main activities undertaken in the Scheme are control of pest and
diseases, propaganda for departmental schedule of manuring,
maintenance of seed nurseries, use of improved implements,
competition for highest production of gul, advice to
cultivators in respect of preparation of gul and improved
furnaces, manurial trials, etc.
The Agricultural Research Station (Paddy) in the
district is in charge of an Agricultural Officer who works directly
under the Deputy Director of Agriculture Crop Research, Poona. The
station is located at Radhanagari. The area of the farm is about
five acres. As the latter is very inadequate, the work of acquiring
additional lands is in progress (1957).
The object of the Research Station is to evolve
suitable strains of paddy, both for drilled and for transplanted
Government Orchard at
Ajra.-This is in charge of an Agricultural Officer working
under the Horticulturist to Government, Poona. The Horticultural
Section has taken over possession of mango gardens of the old State
and the work of improvement of the gardens is in progress. A
horticultural nursery has been established, and grafts of various
fruit trees are supplied to cultivators.
Agricultural Education.-There are two
institutions connected with agricultural education in Kolhapur
(1) The Shahu Agricultural School, Bavada.
(2) The Extension Training Centre, Bavada.
The Shahu Agricultural School, with an agricultural
farm of 65 acres 34 gunthas attached to it, is located in
Kasba-Bavada, three miles away from Kolhapur town. The school is in
charge of a Superintendent who is in Maharashtra Agricultural
Service, Class II, and is assisted by an Agricultural Officer and
Agricultural Assistants. Annually 30 students selected by a
Committee are admitted to the school. Each student gets a stipend of
Rs. 20 per mensem, and two sets of Khaki uniform during the
period of training.
With a view to making an adequate number of trained
Gram Sevaks available, the Agricultural school is being utilised in
1956-57 for giving training in basic agriculture for the Gram Sevaks
selected by the Divisional Officer. These Sevaks will undergo
further training for six months in the Extension Training Centre.
The Extension Training Centre was established at Kasba-Bavada, a
suburb of Kolhapur, in 1956, in pursuance of the Second Five-Year
Plan to meet the increased demand for trained personnel under the
National Extension Scheme. The Agricultural School has been
integrated with it. The centre admits annually about 130 trainees.
The trainees are of two types, viz., direct recruits selected by a
committee and also in-service personnel from Revenue, Agricultural
and Co-operative departments. Two courses are given at the Extension
Training Centre, one is for trainees who have successfully passed
either the two year agricultural course or the S. S. C. Examination
with Agriculture as a subject. These are given a six months course.
The other is for those who have not undergone any training in
Agriculture. They are given a one-year course. The six month course
usually commences on the 16th April and the 16th October. The one
year course commences from the 16th April every year. A stipend of
Rs. 50 per mensem is given to direct recruits admitted to the centre
and a stipend of Rs. 25 per mensem to men of service personnel of
Agricultural, Co-operative and Revenue departments admitted at the
The staff at the Extension Training Centre consists
of one Maharashtra Agricultural Service, Class I Officer as
Principal, three lecturers in Co-operation, Education and Public
Health in Class II, and one lecturer in revenue matters (2nd grade
Mamlatdar) and one Veterinary Officer from the Veterinary department
and one Officer of the Subordinate Agricultural Service, I grade,
and one officer of the Subordinate Agricultural Service, II grade.