At the time of survey there were 223 hair-cutting
establishments employing 161 paid employees and 220 members of
employers families in Kolhapur city. They were concentrated in C, E,
and A wards each containing 104, 44 and 31 respectively. The
remaining two wards had only 34. Many establishments were small, run
by owners with the help of their family members. In other cases
owners worked side by side with the paid employees. Six
establishments were included in the sample.
In all the establishments surveyed, hair-cutting was
the main occupation giving employment throughout the year. They were
situated in rented premises, the rent of which varied from Rs. 15 to
Rs. 30 depending upon the size of establishment. The equipment
consisted of few pieces of furniture like revolving chairs specially
used in hair-cutting saloons, mirrors, dressing tables, several sets
of necessary instruments such as scissors, razors, cropping machines
etc. and toilet requisites. The cost of equipment in four
establishments varied from Rs. 350 to Rs. 425 and the remaining two
had equipment worth Rs. 1,027 and Rs. 1,680 respectively.
Provision of necessary capital investment was made
by the proprietors themselves, except one who had to borrow Rs. 500
at 9 per cent rate of interest for starting the establishment. It
was found that he had fully repaid the debt before the survey. Nine
members of employers' families and five paid employees among whom
one was a boy, were employed in the six establishments out of which
two were exclusively managed by proprietors' family members.
The wages of the employees varied from Rs. 60 to Rs.
80 per month. The boy who was employed in one establishment was paid
Rs. 30 per month. None of the establishments employed any female
Electricity was used for lighting purposes and
electric charges borne by them varied from Rs. 3 to Rs. 20 per month
depending upon the size of" the establishment. One shop was not
using electricity. Every shop was charged Re. 1 as a licence fee by
the municipality. Two establishments were spending Rs. 5 each on
toilet and other requirements, two Rs. 15 and Rs. 30, and the
remaining two Rs. 70 and Rs. 140 on these items. The net income of
the shops varied between Rs. 55 to Rs. 250 per month. The number of
customers served by them depended upon their size as judged by
number of persons working therein, their situation and to some
extent by subjective factors like the popularity of the owner, the
conveniences and comforts offered by him and general reputation of
the establishment. A small establishment employing two to three
persons served about 25 persons daily and earned Rs. 7 to Rs. 10 a
day. The establishments in the sample catered the needs of all
The rates charged for various types of services were
As. 8 for hair-cut.
As. 2-3 for shaving.
As. 10 for hair-cutting and shaving.