READY-MADE CLOTHES MAKING.
Besides these tailoring shops there were shops for
keeping ready-made clothes in the city. Their number was 45 at the
time of survey. Of these shops C ward contained 14, B ward nine, A
and D wards eight each and E ward six. Six shops of different sizes
were taken in the sample. All the shops except one in the sample
were started after 1944. The principal occupation in these shops was
tailoring. The initial capital was raised by proprietors from their
The equipment in these shops was sewing machines,
pairs of scissors, and other material required for sewing, and
cupboards and chairs. One shop had four sewing machines, the other
had three and other two had two each and the last two had five each.
Four shops had five pairs of scissors each and two had two each. The
maximum number of cupboards one shop had, was 13 while the smallest
shop had only one: The yearly repairing and overhauling charges of
each shop varied from Rs. 20 to Rs. 80.
All the shops in the sample were situated in rented
premises. The rent of each varied from Rs. 50 to Rs. 110. Other
expenses on maintenance of establishments were electricity and
municipal licence fee. The total electric bill per month of each
establishment was between Rs. 6 and Rs. 20. Two establishments were
paying Rs. 3 each as municipal licence fee per year; one was paying
Rs. 55 as municipal tax.
Raw materials required were cloth of medium and
coarse variety, thread and canvas. The consumption of cloth of both
varieties in each shop varied from 500 to 3,000 yards per month.
The total employment in these shops was 36. Of
these, 23 were paid employees. The wages of a tailor varied from
shop to shop the minimum being Rs. 35 per month and the maximum Rs.
75. Three shops employed four salesmen. The wages paid to them
varied from Rs. 30 to Rs. 40 per month. The total monthly wage bill
of each establishment varied from Rs. 35 to Rs. 300.
Half-pants, shirts, coats, trousers, pyjamas and
baby-frocks were made in these shops. The monthly production of all
these ready-made garments of each shop varied between 650 to 2,000
pieces. These ready-made cotton garments were mostly sold to retail
dealers in the local market. Usually marriage season was the brisk
season in this business.