THERE WERE 26 ESTABLISHMENTS OF TINSMITHS in the
city at the time of the survey, 13 of which were located in C ward
and 13 In A, B and D wards. The total employment in all the
establishments was 37 out of whom 24 were members of employers'
families. Three establishments were surveyed in the sample in which
tinsmithy was the principal occupation providing employment
throughout the year. Of these, two were started in 1924 and 1925
respectively and the third one in 1945. Capital resources required
for starting establishments came from owners' own resources.
Equipment of these establishments was scissors for cutting thin iron
sheets, bellows, hammer and soldering iron rods. The cost of
equipment possessed by each establishment varied from Rs. 30 to Rs.
50. The yearly repairing charges of equipment of each establishment
varied from Rs. 5 to Rs. 20. The circulating capital employed in
each of these shops varied from Rs. 100 to Rs. 125.
All the three establishments were situated in rented
premises, the rent of which varied from Rs. 10-8-0 to Rs. 12 per
month. Besides rent, other item of expenditure on maintenance of
establishments was electric charges. The electric bill of each
establishment was Rs. 2 per month.
Raw materials required were tin, lead, sulphuric
acid, other alloys like zinc, nickel and coal. One of the
establishments was consuming 15 ounces sulphuric acid, one lb.
nickel and one lb. lead and one maund coal per month. The cost of
raw materials it consumed was about Rs. 35 per month. The other two
establishments were consuming raw materials worth Rs. 27 and Rs. 22
These establishments were managed by members of
owners' families and no paid employees were engaged in them. The
daily working hours observed in these shops were eight.
Main work done in these shops was manufacture of
minor items like small lanterns funnels, and petty repair work like
repairing of buckets, trunks and other articles. These shops
received orders for repair work from local market. The net income of
each shop varied from Rs. 40 to Rs. 50 per month. Articles made in
the shops were sold in local market. Business was brisk during
October and June. The margin of profit in all the three shops was