ROUND ABOUT 1926 AND 1947 THERE WERE 15 AND 32 WATCH
REPAIRERS and dealers respectively in the town. Of the 32 shops in
1947, 14 were located in C ward, 10 in D ward, four in A ward, two
each in B and E wards. At the time of our survey there were 31 such
establishments. Of these 15 were situated in C ward, nine in E ward,
four in B ward, three in A ward. The total number of persons
employed in them was 62 out of whom 37 were members of owners,
families and 25 paid employees. Three shops of different sizes were
surveyed in the sample. Two shops had a business standing of more
than 40 years and one had of more than 25 years. All the three shops
in the sample had the main business of selling and repairing of
watches. In addition to it one shop sold optical instruments.
Watches and other spare parts were brought from Bombay, Poona and
Calcutta. The equipment of these shops mainly consisted of a few
pieces of furniture like one or two cupboards and chairs and the
necessary instruments required for repairing watches. The cost of
equipment in the biggest shop in the sample was about Rs. 2,200.
All the three shops were situated in rented
premises, the rent of which varied from Rs. 10 to Rs. 80 per month.
Other items of expenditure on the establishment were electric
charges, municipal licence fee etc. The total electric bill of the
three establishments was Rs. 51 per month. One of the establishments
spent Rs. 40 per month, the other two only Rs. 11 per month on
electricity. The biggest establishment paid Rs. 1,500 per year as
municipal tax. The other two did not pay any tax.
The total employment in the three shops was 18 out
of whom six were the members of employers' families. The biggest
establishment employed 14 persons. The remaining two shops were
managed by members of employers' families. A skilled watch-repairer
in the biggest shop was paid Rs. 250 per month. The other two were
paid Rs. 90 each and the remaining two Rs. 75 and 60 respectively.
The total wage bill of the biggest establishment was Rs. 875 per
month, The daily working hours in these shops were eight to ten.
These shops were mainly dealing in the sale and
repairing of watches. Two units sold about 20 watches, and 10 alaram
clocks, and did the work of repairing worth Rs. 250 per month. The
third shop sold watches and optical instruments worth Rs. 9,000 and
also did repairing work worth Rs. 1,800 per month. Watches were sold
in the whole district. The season from October to June was usually
brisk for the sale of watches.