VOLUNTRY SOCIAL SERVICE
Spread of literacy and education is the motive
behind a majority of the organisations, the important ones of which
are described below: -
The Vidyapeeth Society, Kolhapur, was founded in
1953 for (i) imparting education by modern methods of teaching, (ii)
conducting the Vidyapeeth at Kolhapur, and (iii) starting associate
institutes of the Vidyapeeth in different places. The society
consists of the president, one or more vice-presidents and members
who together form the governing council which controls the affairs
of the society. The society has at present (1958) 44 members. The
activities of the society extend over Kolhapur city, Khadaklat and
Gaganbavda. It runs five primary schools (including one for girls)
and one balmandir. It also runs an ashram called
Tapowan where agriculture is carried on on about 18 acres of land.
The value of the society's immovable property as on 31st March 1956
was Rs. 2,16,879. The total income of the society in 1955-56 was Rs.
1,40,046 and expenditure Rs. 1,39,693.
New Education Society.
The New Education Society was established at
Kolhapur in 1921. The object of the Society is to bring within easy
reach of the masses education, cultural and technical, in all its
aspects by starting primary and secondary schools and colleges in
different centres. The management of the society's affairs is vested
in the governing council composed of 17 members elected by the
society's donors from amongst themselves and the society's life
The society runs four high schools including one for
girls, one middle school, three primary schools, one pre-primary
school and the C. P. Ed. Institute (an Institute of Physical
Education). Of these, two high schools, two primary schools, one
pre-primary school and the C P. Ed. Institute are at Kolhapur; one
high school and one primary school are at Islampur in South Satara
district; and one high school is at Jaisingpur in Kolhapur district.
There is a middle school at Nandni in Shirol taluka.
The income and expenditure of the society during
1955-56 was Rs. 2,71,287 and Rs. 2,70,224 respectively; the value of
its immovable property was Rs. 3,06,000.
Shri Shahu Shikshan Prasarak Mandal.
This organisation was started in 1942 with the
object of spreading education amongst the masses and inculcating a
taste for literature by starting libraries and by arranging
lectures. The society runs one high school and two primary schools,
including one for girls. All the three institutions are situated in
Kolhapur city. The society does not have school buildings of its
The Azad Shikshan Mandal.
This organisation was started in 1946 with the
object of conducting primary schools. It has a working committee
consisting of a president, a vice-president, a secretary and
manager, and five members. The Mandal runs one primary school and
one Montessory school at Kolhapur. The income of the Mandal was Rs.
14,983 in 1956-57. The Mandal does not own any school building.
Shri Mouni Vidyapeeth.
Shri Mouni Vidyapeeth, Gargoti, was established in
1952. The main object before it is rural reconstruction and rural
education. Its activities are mainly concentrated in Bhudargad
taluka. It is held that the tasks of rural reconstruction and rural
education are inseparable and, therefore, the Vidyapeeth has before
it the motto "education through reconstruction and reconstruction
through education". Since reconstruction of life of a region is the
responsibility of the people living in that region, the Vidyapeeth
has restricted its role to creating a social will in the minds of
the rural people to think in terms of community needs and welfare,
discovering local talent, training local social workers and
organising local leadership.
The members of the Vidyapeeth are of three kinds
viz., (i) institutions, (ii) individuals and (iii) honorary members.
The institution members are again of two types; permanent and
others. Individual members are of three kinds: fellows, friends and
The affairs of the Vidyapeeth are managed by three
committees viz., the governing council, the executive committee and
the advisory board of experts. The governing council consists of the
president, two representatives of each of the three permanent
institution members, such number of representatives of non-permanent
but affiliated institution admitted to membership as may be decided
by the executive committee, all individual members, all honorary
members and the Director of the Vidyapeeth who is the secretary of
the governing council. The president is to convene meetings of the
governing council as and when necessary. Within three months of the
close of every financial year, an annual general meeting of the
governing council has to be convened to consider the annual report
and audited statement of accounts for the preceding year, to elect
members of the executive committee for the ensuing year, to appoint
auditors and to consider the budget and programme for the ensuing
The executive committee consists of the President of
the Vidyapeeth, the kulapati of the Vidyapeeth, two
representatives each of the three permanent member institutions, one
representative elected by the institutions admitted to membership,
one fellow, one friend and one patron elected respectively by all
fellows, by all friends and honorary members, and by all patrons
respectively and the Director of the Vidyapeeth (who is also the
secretary of the executive committee). The executive committee is
responsible for the administration of the Vidyapeeth in accordance
with the rules and regulations and the directions issued by the
The advisory board of experts is appointed for a
period of three years at a time by the executive committee to advise
it on all matters connected with the Vidyapeeth. The chairman of the
board is designated as the kulpati of the Vidyapeeth.
The Vidyapeeth ran the following institutions in
1957: - at Gargoti-one pre-primary school, one basic primary school,
one high school, one primary training college, one graduates' basic
training centre, and the institute of rural education and research;
at Patgaon-one central primary school; at Kadgaon-one central
primary school. The Vidyapeeth also ran 40 voluntary primary schools
in villages round about Gargoti.
It carries on social reconstruction work in the
rural areas of Bhudargad taluka with the co-operation of the
villagers and assistance of the staff and students of its
institutions. Since 1957-58, Government of India have sanctioned the
opening of a Social Education Organisers' Training Centre at Gargoti
under the auspices of the Vidyapeeth.
The value of the Vidyapeeth's assets as on 31st
March 1957 was Rs. 9,39,787. During 1956-57 the income and
expenditure of the Vidyapeeth was Rs. 4,46,600 and Rs. 3,54,600
Council of Legal Education.
The Council of Legal Education, Kolhapur, runs the
Shahaji Law College at Kolhapur. Till the merger of the Kolhapur
State with the Bombay State the college was looked after by the
Government of Kolhapur. After the merger, however, the Council took
over its management. In instructs the students for LL.B. and LL.M.
examinations of Poona University. In 1958, there were seven members
on the teaching staff of the college. The assets of the Council
consist of a play-ground, building, library and permanent fund. Its
annual income is about Rs. 20,000. In 1957-58 its expenditure
amounted to Rs. 19,115.
Shikshan Prasarak Mandal.
The Shikshan Prasarak Mandal, Kolhapur, was
established in 1950 to encourage education by opening educational
institutions wherever possible. The Mandal consists of patrons,
fellows, founder members, life members, members of local bodies,
head masters of secondary schools run by the Mandal, retired life
members and ordinary members. These along with the principals of
colleges run by the Mandal constitute the General Body which elects
the president, the vice-president and the secretary. The secretary
works for the General Body, Governing Body and the Council.
The Governing Body supervises the work of the
Council and issues orders about the recommendations of the Council.
The Government Body consists of president, vice-president,
secretary, all founder members all patrons, and elected
representatives of fellows, members and life members in a certain
proportion. In addition, one representative each from amongst the
head-masters and teachers of the secondary schools of the Mandal,
primary teachers of the schools of the Mandal, local bodies and all
the principals of the colleges run by the Mandal are also its
The Council looks after all matters connected with
the day-to-day work. It is elected by the General Body at the end of
every three years and consists of elected representatives of patrons
(one), founder members (two), headmasters of the secondary schools
of the Mandal (one), teachers in secondary schools of the Mandal
(one), life members (one) and fellows (one). The Council elects its
chairman who can hold that office for three years.
The Shikshan Prasarak Mandal conducts the Gopal
Krishna Gokhale College in Kolhapur city. It was originally started
in 1950 at Kagal, the birth place of Gokhale after whom it is named.
It was subsequently shifted to Kolhapur. It is affiliated to the
University of Poona and imparts instruction for B.A. (Special) in
Economics, Marathi and English, and B.A. (General) in English,
Economics, Political Science, History, Marathi, Philosophy, Sanskrit
and Ardhamagadhi. In 1958, there were 700 students and 23 members on
the teaching staff. The assets of the College consist of buildings,
equipment, play ground and library. Its income and expenditure in
1957-58 was Rs. 1,87,596 and Rs. 1,83,939 respectively.
The Prince Shivaji Education Society.
The Prince Shivaji Education Society, Kolhapur, was
established in 1943 with a view to training up good citizens, giving
impetus to education of women and to start institutions under its
control for that purpose. The sphere of activity of the Society is
restricted to Maharashtra. It was registered under the Society's Act
in 1943 and again under Public Trusts Act in 1952.
The membership of the Society is open to all above
eighteen years of age. The ordinary members have to pay Rs. 12
annually. Degree holders, and in special cases others, are admitted
as life members provided that they agree to work in its educational
institutions on its terms and conditions at least for fifteen years.
There are seven categories of benefactors the donation payable by
whom ranges from Re. 1 to Rs. 25,000. President, Vice-President,
Secretary and Manager are the officers of the society. Its affairs
are managed by the Governing Council which is appointed by the
President every year and consists of the President, not more than
five Vice-Presidents, two Secretaries, one manager, seven members
from amongst ordinary members and one member from among life
members. With a view to maintain stability in its working it has
been laid down in the constitution that the Founder-President will
continue to be its President for 20 years from the adoption of the
constitution. He is empowered to appoint, dismiss or promote
employees of the society, etc., though he is responsible to the
governing council for such actions.
The general body consists of ordinary members and
life members. It approves the actions of the Governing Council,
appoints auditors and legal advisors. There were 25 members on the
general body in 1958.
In the beginning, the Society conducted two high
schools and three primary schools in the city of Kolhapur. In 1945
it started the Mouni Vidya Mandir at Gargoti in Bhudargad taluka.
This institution rose to prominence and was later on transformed
into an independent institution "The Shri Mouni Vidyapeeth" a (rural
university) by name. An account of this institution appears
elsewhere in this section. Another land mark in the achievements of
the Society is the establishment of Tara Rani Vidyapeeth, Kolhapur,
which is well-known for its specialisation in imparting education to
women. This institution has also emerged of late as a separate
entity and its detailed account is given separately.
At present the Society runs two primary schools in
Kolhapur city namely Nagojirao Patankar Vidyalaya and Padmaraje
(Mofat) Vidyalaya. The assets of the society (buildings,
furniture, laboratory, library, motor, etc.) were worth Rs. 4,45,152
on 31st March 1957. Its annual income was " Rs. 26,950 as against an
annual expenditure of Rs. 33,820.
Tara Rani Vidyapeeth.
Tara Rani Vidyapeeth, Kolhapur, came into existence
0n the Republic Day of 1953. The founders of this organization had
before them the ideal of establishing an institution for the
education of girls, particularly those belonging to the non-advanced
classes. The Vidyapeeth is named after Chatrapati Maharani Tara Bai,
the great woman who founded the State of Kolhapur. Though the
Vidyapeeth itself was inaugurated in 1953, its beginnings were made
much earlier, namely in 1945, when a free middle school for girls,
Tara Rani Vidya Mandir, was started in Kolhapur. In the first year
of its existence it taught standards I to III and had on its
register 39 girls only. It is out of this humble beginning that the
Tara Rani Vidyapeeth of today has emerged.
The Vidyapeeth today has five institutions working
under its aegis, viz., (1) Usha Raje (Multi-purpose) High School;
(2) Primary Teachers Training College for Women; (3) a Primary
school; (4) a pre-primary school (bal bhavan); (5) a
women's welfare centre. It also conducts Tara Rani Mahila
In order to provide up-to-date facilities for
women's education the independent organization of the Tara Rani
Vidyapeeth Trust was established. It is entrusted with executive
work and consisted of 12 members in 1958. The general body gives
general directions regarding running of the Vidyapeeth. There were
37 members on the general body. Among the assets of the Vidyapeeth
were buildings, furniture, laboratory, library etc. which were
valued at Rs. 4,54,817. During 1956-57 the trust received Rs.
1,31,932 and spent Rs. 82,398.